Font Size

Cpanel

Archive Contents

HUXLEY MEMORIAL LECTURES (A115)

In 1896 it was decided to commemorate Prof. Huxley with an annual lecture in his name. The lecturer was to be presented with a Medal, and the honour of being chosen to deliver the lecture was the highest the Institute could bestow. Negotiations were entered into with the Huxley Memorial Committee at the Royal College of Science, and an agreement was reached concerning the use of their commemorative medal. Each year the lecture was to be delivered by an eminent professor of a distinct branch of anthropology, and the lectures were to be published in the Journal. ‘Persons of distinction’ and the press were invited, and it was expected that the lecture would stimulate an interest in anthropology among the wider public. The first lecture was delivered on 13 Nov. 1900 at the Museum of Practical Geology by Lord Avebury, and entitled ‘Huxley the man and his work’ (published in Nature Vol. LXIII, pp. 92, 116 ff.); see JAI Vol. XXX, Anthropological Reviews and Miscellanea no. 120, p. 119. Francis Galton delivered the second lecture, an abstract of which can be found in Man no. 132, 1901; see also JAI Vol. XXXII 1902 Report of the Council for 1901, p. 4. Copies of further lectures can be seen in bound volumes, 114/14/1-4.

References to the inauguration of the Huxley Memorial Lecture can be found in Council minutes, 12 Nov. 1895, f. 294; 12 May 1896, ff. 304-5; 9 Mar., 8 June, 9 June 1897, ff. 315, 320-1, 323; 29 Mar., 6, 24 May, 1898, ff. 339, 347-8, 350; 24 Jan., 14, 28 Feb., 21 Nov., 6 Dec. 1899, ff. 376, 378, 384, 411, 416; 30 Jan., 27 Mar. 1900, f. 422, 429-30; and in the Executive Committee minutes for 22 May and 6 Nov. 1900, ff. 8, 23. It is also mentioned in C.H. Read’s Presidential Address, JAI Vol. XXX pp. 9-10

Abbreviations:

AHC    Anthony H. Christie (d. 1994), Hon. Secretary, 1961-70

FS        Miss Felicia Stallman, Assistant Secretary, 1942-52

WBF    William Buller Fagg, CMG (1914-92), Hon. Secretary, 1939-56

Contents:

1    Abbé Breuil. The discovery of the antiquity of man: some of the evidence. Elected for 1941, lecture delivered 1946

2    Sir John Marshall. Lecture given by Major Sir Leonard Woolley. North Syria as a cultural link in the ancient world. 1942

3    Prof. F.C. Bartlett. Anthropology in reconstruction. 1943

4    A.L. Kroeber. The ancient Oikoumenê as an historic culture aggregate. 1945

5    Miss G. Caton-Thompson. The Aterian industry: its place and significance in the Palaeolithic world. 1946

6    Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth. Some complexities of human structure. 1947

7    Robert H. Lowie. Some aspects of political organization among the American aborigines. 1948

8        James Hornell. Lecture not delivered

9    Dr Julian Huxley. New bottles for new wine: ideology and scientific knowledge. 1950

10    Prof. A.R. Radcliffe-Brown. The comparative method in social anthropology. 1951

11    Sir Peter Buck. Lecture not delivered, replaced by Dr K. Birket-Smith below

12    Dr K. Birket-Smith. The history of ethnology in Denmark. 1952

13    Prof. Morris Ginsberg. On the diversity of morals. 1953

14    Prof. Ralph Linton. Died, replaced by Prof. H.V. Vallois below

15    Dr H.V. Vallois. Neanderthals and Praesapiens. 1954

16    Prof. F. Wood Jones. Died. Replaced by Prof. Robert Redfield below

17    Prof. Robert Redfield. Societies and cultures as natural systems. 1955

18    Prof. J.B.S. Haldane. The argument from animals to men: an examination of its validity for anthropology. 1956

19    Prof. J.E.S. Linné. Technical secrets of American Indians. 1957

20    Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Clark. Bones of contention. 1958

21    Prof. Raymond Firth. Problem and assumption in an anthropological study of religion. 1959

22    Dr Samuel Kirkland Lothrop. Early migration to central and south America. 1960

23    Dr Arthur Ernest Mourant. Evolution, genetics and anthropology. 1961

24    Prof. Dorothy A.E. Garrod. The middle Palaeolithic of the Near East and the problem of Mount Carmel man. 1962

25    Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard. The Zande state. 1963

26    G.H.R. von Koenigswald. Early man: facts and fantasy. 1964

27    Claude Levi-Strauss. The future of kinship studies. 1965

28    Dr J. Eric S. Thompson. The Maya central area at the Spanish conquest and later: a problem in demography. 1966

29    Prof. S.L. Washburn. Behaviour and the origin of man. 1967

30    George W. Stocking, Jr. Reading the palimpsest of inquiry: Notes and Queries and the history of British social anthropology. 1993

1    Abbé Breuil. The discovery of the antiquity of man: some of the evidence. Elected for 1941, lecture delivered 1946

1940

1    Miss M.E. Durham to WBF, 29 Feb. 1940 - wishes to nominate Prof. A.R. Radcliffe Brown (tp.)

2    WBF to Miss M.E. Durham, [1 Mar.] - he and H.J. Braunholtz agree that Prof. A.R. Radcliffe Brown is the most eligible of the British anthropologists who have not already given a Huxley Lecture; they have decided against offering it to him because he has to deliver his second Presidential Address in 1941, it would be difficult to vote against him, and it might create a precedent leading to any future President not offered a Huxley Lecture to feel rebuffed; will certainly support him in two years’ time; she may wish to reconsider her nomination, otherwise he add it to the agenda; the only other nomination received is for the Abbé Breuil, thinks a Frenchman would be a good choice, the only disadvantage is that it would mean that two prehistorians were running since Harold J.E. Peake is likely to speak on archaeology. 3 pp. (autogr.)

3    Miss M.E. Durham to WBF, 4 Mar. 1940 - agrees that his objections are valid and withdraws her nomination; does not think that having two prehistorians matters; hopes that the Abbé Breuil will be able to come; remembers that some previous French candidate ‘turned sulky’ over a political crisis and did not come (tp.); see Council Minutes, 19 Mar. 1940, f. 365

1945

4    Miss Mary E. Boyle to WBF, 26 May 1945 - gives her and the Abbé Breuil’s addresses and their travel plans for the immediate future; notes the Abbé’s ideas for the Huxley Memorial Lecture; his time in South Africa has enable him to enlarge his knowledge; he needs a little time to settle back in France and find all his papers which have been hidden in various places; gives details of their work in South Africa together; hopes to re-establish contact with the Institute; mentions M. Blanc, Pérony, Passeinard and Saint-Just-Péquart; the latter was shot as a collaborationist (autogr., air letter)

5    Ibid., 3 Sep. - the Abbé has been overwhelmed by conditions in France and asks whether it would be possible to delay the Huxley Lecture until May next year; is hoping to be able to go and help him soon; he is away collecting his hidden papers at the moment (autogr.)

6    FS to Miss Mary E. Boyle, 5 Sep. - they are quite willing to postpone the Abbé’s lecture; in fact it will suit the programme well since Prof. A.L. Kroeber, the 1945 Lecturer cannot get over until Mar. next year; two Huxleys in one month would have been a bit much; asks for as much advance notice as possible (tpc.)

7    Miss Mary E. Boyle to FS, 20 Sep. - the Abbé wishes the Lecture to take place in May at a date convenient to the Institute; hopes to go to Paris before Nov. (autogr.)

8    FS to Miss Mary E. Boyle, 5 Oct. - has chosen 21 May for the Abbé’s lecture (tpc.)

9    Miss Mary E. Boyle to FS, 24 Oct. - the Abbé Breuil accept 21 May as the date for his lecture; the delay in answering was due to the fact that he was on a geological expedition (autogr.)

1946

10    Miss Mary E. Boyle to WBF, 18 Feb. 1946 - wishes to know who else beside the Abbé will be coming from France for the lecture; notes that he would not be willing to appear if Vaufrey was present; lists the charges against Vaufrey; the Abbé feels he represents France and would not accept this man’s presence (autogr.)

11    Announcement of the Abbé Breuil’s Huxley Lecture ‘The discovery of the antiquity of man: some of the evidence’ to be delivered on 16 Apr. postponed from 1941 (tp.)

12    Précis of the Abbé Breuil’s speech when receiving the Huxley Medal [16 Apr.]. 2 leaves (tp. with autogr. corrections)

13    Copy of the Illustrated London News no. 5584, vol. 208, 27 Apr. including photograph of the Abbé Breuil receiving his Huxley Memorial Medal from Prof. H.J. Fleure, p. 457

14    Abbé Breuil to Prof. Fleure, 10 May - regrets not yet having thanked him for all that he did for him in Oxford and in London; was glad it was such a beautiful day when he received his Huxley Medal and will treasure the memory; recalls a visit to Windsor Castle when he attended the South African Congress in 1929; hopes to be able to go to Nairobi in Jan. 1947; asks whether he will be there too; mentions his dear and old friend H. Obermaier and finishing at Fribourg what he had started; sends his regards to Mrs Fleure; in postscript asks for a photograph and copies of his lecture (autogr., in French)

15    FS to Editor Illustrated London News, 13 May - asks for prints of the photograph of the presentation of the Huxley Memorial Medal to the Abbé Breuil printed in their 27 Apr. issue (tpc.)

16    Editor Illustrated London News to FS, 14 May - the photograph was supplied by Associated Press Photos (tp.)

17    FS to Editor, Associated Press Photos, 15 May - asks for prints of the photograph (tpc.)

18    FS to Miss Mary E. Boyle, 17 May 1946 - is sending copies of the Abbé Breuil’s lecture and hopes to get some prints of the presentation of the medal (tpc.); see Illustrated London News

19    Miss Mary E. Boyle to FS, 20 June - the Abbé was grateful for the copies of his lecture and the photograph; asks if it would be possible to obtain further copies; has had a letter from Marshal Smuts congratulating the Abbé; describes the Abbé’s lecture tour; says the Swiss were anxious to begin International Congresses but the Abbé advised them to wait a year; describes the admiration of the Swiss for the heroism of the British; mentions quantities of cherries available in Paris; enquires about Fellowship of the RAI (autogr.)

2    Sir John Marshall. Lecture given by Major Sir Leonard Woolley. North Syria as a cultural link in the ancient world. 1942

1941

1    WBF to Sir John Marshall, 16 July 1941 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1942, and receive the Huxley Medal; Council wishes to honour him for his work on the excavations at Mohenjo-Daro (tpc.); see Council Minutes, 18 Feb., 27 May 1941, ff. 382, 385

Sir John Marshall declined owing to ill health, and Sir Leonard Woolley agreed to deliver the lecture; see Council Minutes, 28 Oct. 1941, f. 387

3    Prof. F.C. Bartlett. Anthropology in reconstruction. 1943

1942

1    WBF to Prof. F.C. Bartlett, 21 May 1942 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1943 (autogr. draft); see Council Minutes, CM/71/2-4, 20 Jan., 24 Mar., 19 May 1942, ff. 392, 394, 397

2    Ibid., 28 May - Ibid., (tp.)

3    Prof. F.C. Bartlett to WBF, 2 June - accepts with pleasure (tp.)

1943

4    Anthropology in reconstruction by Prof. F.C. Bartlett - reprinted from Nature vol. 152, p. 710, Dec. 18 1943. 12 pp. (printed);see Council Minutes, CM/73/2, 16 Nov. 1943, f. 425, Item 5a

5    [WBF] to Prof. F.C. Bartlett, 20 Dec. - apologises for not having replied sooner to the point he raised with Dr Ethel John Lindgren about the publication of his Huxley Lecture in Nature; would like reprints; congratulates him on the power and clarity of his lecture (autogr. draft)

1944

6    Prof. F.C. Bartlett to WBF, 3 Jan. 1944 - thanks him for his letter; had assumed there would be no objection to the lecture being printed in Nature; will send reprints (autogr.) see 4 above

[The 1944 lecture was delivered by V. Gordon Childe. Archaeological ages as technological stages. No papers held]

4    A.L. Kroeber. The ancient Oikoumenê as an historic culture aggregate. 1945

1944

1    K.L. Little to WBF, 10 Mar. 1944 - would like to nominate W.L.H. Duckworth as the Huxley Lecturer for 1945; has the support of Prof. J.H. Hutton and others at Cambridge; includes a list of his major publications. 2 leaves (tp.)

2    List of nominations for Huxley Memorial Lecture 1945, nd - Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth, Prof. A.L. Kroeber, Prof. Robert H. Lowie, Prof. Ellis H. Minns; lists their publications (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/73/3-4, 25 Jan., 21 Mar. 1944, ff. 427, 429, Items 9 and 8a respectively

3    WBF to A.L. Kroeber, 10 May - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1945; acknowledges the difficulties of travelling at the present time. 2 leaves (tpc. with pencil alteration by FS giving Sir Peter Buck’s titles and address); see Council Minutes, CM/73/4, 21 Mar. 1944, f. 429, Item 8a

4    Prof. A.L. Kroeber to Prof. J.H. Hutton, 29 May 1944 - has received his cablegram of 17 May advising him of his election as a Huxley Medallist to 1945 but not the letter which he said was coming; appreciates the honour; will reply more fully when he has received details of the conditions (tp.)

5    Ibid., to WBF, 7 June - hopes to be able to deliver the lecture if conditions permit; takes it as a good omen that he received his letter on Invasion Day (tp.)

1945

6    Prof. A.L. Kroeber to FS, 10 Apr. 1945 - apologises for not having written earlier; did speak with Dr E.J. Lindgren when she was in California last summer; has not given up hope of coming despite worsening conditions; may ask for a postponement if travel is at all possible; if definitely not will arrange to have his lecture read in London at the customary time; has begun writing and hopes to have it finished by next month; on the title. 2 leaves (tp.)

7    FS to Prof. A.L. Kroeber, 30 May - Council was delighted that there is still a prospect of his coming to deliver the lecture; willing to leave the date unsettled (tpc.)

8    A.L. Kroeber to FS, 11 June - has completed his lecture and is checking references; is still thinking about the title; asks whether a date in Oct. would be acceptable to Council; this would enable him to return to his duties at Berkeley without missing too much of the semester (tp.)

9    FS to Victor Waybright, Office of War Information, 2 July - encloses a copy of the Centenary issue of Man to give him an idea of the Institute’s importance and work; explains that the Huxley Memorial Medal is awarded to the most distinguished anthropologist of the year; asks him to do all he can to facilitate return travel for Prof. Prof. A.L. Kroeber and his wife. 2 leaves (tpc.)

10    Victor Waybright to FS, 13 July 1945 - explains the circuitous route Prof. Kroeber would have to take to travel by air in Oct.; it would take 5 days and involve medical shots and visas for 5 different countries; it would be impossible to make the same arrangements for his wife; sea transport is out of the question because of the deployment of troops; there are more flights available in Sep.; realizes the importance of the occasion and apologises for the unavoidable inconvenience; hopes that next year cultural exchanges can be resumed (tp., with autogr. notes by WBF and FS)

11    Prof. A.L. Kroeber to FS, 13 Aug. - glad that she has his manuscript; is very grateful for the Institute’s willingness to postpone the lecture until Spring; will try to arrange leave (tp.)

12    Ibid., 28 Aug. - has asked to be allowed to deliver the lecture in Mar.; appreciates all the efforts made to arrange transportation; would not have been able to afford to travel by air and could not go without his wife (tp.)

13    FS to Prof. A.L. Kroeber, 3 Sep. - looks forward to seeing him in Mar.; thinks the delay may be just as well since there is much disruption in England (tpc.)

14    Prof. A.L. Kroeber to RAI, 14 Sep. - has arranged leave; asks if a lecture in Apr. would be convenient (cablegram)

15    FS to Prof. A.L. Kroeber, 10 Oct. - is keeping Apr. 16 free for his lecture; hopes that the Institute will have been repaired by then (tpc.)

16    Ibid., to Prof. J.H. Hutton, nd - has arranged for Prof. A.L. Kroeber’s lecture to be given at the Royal Society on Apr. 16; encloses script of a lecture offered by Miss Loveday Prior to the Royal India Society; asks his opinion of it; the author is not an anthropologist or sociologist; she has written a novel (tpc.)

17    Prof. J.H. Hutton to Prof. A.L. Kroeber, 11 Oct. - hopes that he will be able to deliver his lectures in Cambridge; a good date to begin would be Apr. 29; leaves the subjects to him (tpc.)

18    Prof. J.H. Hutton to FS, 11 Oct. 1945 - is sorry that she has fixed Apr. 16 for Prof. Kroeber’s lecture; hopes it can be put off to a time nearer the 29th when he is due to lecture at Cambridge; he will not want to wait in between; Miss Prior’s paper is ‘unutterable tripe’ (tp. with autogr. note to warn the Royal India Society)

19    FS to Prof. A.L. Kroeber, 12 Oct. - in consideration of his Cambridge lectures is now holding 30 Apr. for the Huxley Lecture (tpc.)

20    Prof. A.L. Kroeber to FS, 31 Dec. - regrets that due to travel complications he had better forgo attending the meeting of the permanent Council of the International Congress; sends his regards to Prof. J.L. Myres (tp.)

1946

21    FS to Prof. A.L. Kroeber, 1 Feb. 1946 - is sorry he will have to miss the Permanent Council meeting; 30 Apr. is fixed for his lecture; asks for his full name so that she can arrange for the Medal to be engraved; asks for the title of the lecture; hopes he will be able to see Sir John Myres who has been frail but energetic (tpc.)

1947

22    Prof. A.L. Kroeber to FS, 21 Feb. 1947 - sympathises with her over the hard time they have had during the war; on his reprints; is enjoying his retirement; he and his wife, Theodora express their appreciation for all her help (tp.)

23    FS to Prof. A.L. Kroeber, 19 Mar. - describes further difficulties in conditions; is sending him a further 25 complimentary copies of his lecture Oikoumenê (tpc.)

5    Miss Gertrude Caton-Thompson. The Aterian industry: its place and significance in the Palaeolithic world. 1946

1945

1    Edwin W. Smith to President and Council of the RAI, 20 Jan. - wishes to nominate Miss Caton Thompson as Huxley Medallist and Lecturer for 1946 (autogr.); see Council Minutes, 19 Dec. 1944, f. 440, Item 13a and CM/74/5, 13 Mar. 1945, f. 445, Item 6a; CM/75/7, 19 Mar. 1946, f. 467, Item 6a

2    Dr H.S. Harrison to WBF, 11 Feb. 1945 - has for some time hoped that the bearing of genetics on anthropology would be recognised by electing a geneticist as Huxley Lecturer; refrains from nominating Julian Huxley as doubts he would be accepted; proposes Prof. J.B. Haldane; stresses that he is not a communist (autogr.)

6    Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth. Some complexities of human structure. 1947

1946

1    WBF to Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth, 21 May 1946 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Medal for 1947 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/75/8-9, 9 Apr., 14 May 1946, ff. 470, 472, Items 6a, 7a respectively

2    Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth to WBF, 23 May - accepts his invitation to become Huxley Memorial Lecturer for 1947 (autogr.); see Council Minutes, CM/75/10, 18 June 1946, f. 476, Item 4d

1947

3    Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth to FS, 21 July 1947 - hopes to send her the manuscript of his lecture after the end of the month; asks her to let him know if a typescript is required (autogr.)

4    FS to Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth, 31 July - will be glad to receive the text of his lecture once it is complete; suggests 25 Nov. as the date of the lecture; asks whether he would prefer it to be in the afternoon or the evening. 2 leaves (tpc.)

5    Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth to FS, 1 Aug. - agrees to the date; would much prefer the time of 5pm (autogr.)

6    Ibid., to the Editor (Dr E.J. Lindgren), 25 Aug. - asks that the printers provide proofs in slips. 2 leaves (autogr.)

7    Ibid., 2 Sep. - has rewritten his lecture; if the first version has not gone into type would like to send the amended copy (autogr.)

8    FS to Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth, 3 Sep. - the lecture has not yet been set up so he can send in the revised version; will send the proof slips as requested (tpc.)

9    Dr Meyer Fortes to FS, 19 Sep. 1947 - cannot find anyone to type out Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth’s lecture; suggests she sends it straight to the printers; the lists of references needs to be typed and organised; asks if it could be done in the office; encloses a list of queries for Duckworth (tp.)

10    FS to Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth, 1 Dec. - on the reprints of his lecture; congratulates him (tpc.)

1948

11    J. Lawrence Angel, Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia to Dr E.J. Lindgren, 10 May 1948 - with the help of the Viking Fund is planning a Yearbook of Physical Anthropology consisting of reproductions of leading articles from 1947; asks permission to reproduce Prof. W.L.H. Duckworth’s ‘Some complexities of human structure’; remembers her talk before the Philadelphia Anthropological Society; notes that Clyde Kluckhohn’s illness has not slowed him down; he himself has received a Guggenheim Fellowship and will work in Greece and Cyprus at the invitation of Dr A.H.S. Megaw (tp. copy)

12    FS to J. Lawrence Angel, 11 June - permission has been granted for the reproduction of the lecture (tpc.)

7    Robert H. Lowie. Some aspects of political organization among the American aborigines. 1948

1947

1    Prof. J.H. Hutton to WBF, 7 Feb. - is prepared to withdraw [Prof. K. Gerhard] Lindblom; will back Robert H. Lowie but doubts whether he will come over; will agree to any arrangements he thinks fit (autogr.)

2    Ibid., 13 Feb. - proposes Gerhard Lindblom as Huxley Medallist for 1948 (tp.)

3    Phyllis Puckle to FS, 20 Feb. - Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard sends the enclosed nomination for the Huxley Memorial Medal for 1948; nominates Prof. A.R. Radcliffe-Brown; includes list of supporters Prof. Raymond Firth, Prof. C. Daryll Forde, Dr Meyer Fortes, S.F. Nadel and Dr Audrey Richards . 2 leaves (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/76/5, 28 Jan. 1947, f. 494, Item 8a

4    Dr E.J. Lindgren to WBF, 25 Feb. 1947 - has just received his letter; thinks the ‘Lowie problem’ will be covered; Lindblom would do as a lecturer sometime; congratulates him on his new niece (autogr.)

5    Dr H.S. Harrison to WBF, 25 Feb. - understands that he is amongst those nominated for the Huxley Medal; regrets he must ask to have his name removed from the list; recalls how four or five years ago he was elected but felt the proceedings were so irregular that he should decline; the other reason he gave at the time has been strengthened with the lapse of time (autogr.); see Council Minutes, CM/71/3-4, 24 Mar., 19 May 1942, ff. 394, 397

6    Ibid., 29 Feb. - has received his letter urging him to change his mind; did not wish to give cause for complaint to the supporters of F.C. Bartlett last time; is sorry to repeat his refusal (autogr.)

7    [RAI] to Robert H. Lowie, nd - Council invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1948 (autogr. draft); see Council Minutes, CM/76/6, 11 Mar. 1947, f. 496, Item 7a

8    List of nominations for the Huxley Memorial Medal 1948; the election is to take place on 11 Mar.; Prof. K.G. Lindblom proposed by Prof. J.H. Hutton; Prof. Robert H. Lowie proposed by Dr E.J. Lindgren; Prof. A.R. Radcliffe-Brown proposed by Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard. 2 leaves (tp.)

9    T.K. Penniman to WBF, 11 Mar. - thinks Lowrie should be supported as he has been on the list for a long time; would be prepared to support Lindblom next year (tp.)

10    Robert H. Lowie to WBF, 14 Mar. - appreciates the honour; will make arrangements (cablegram)

11    Ibid., 17 Mar. - repeats his expression of delight; asks for dates so he can arrange for sabbatical leave (tp.)

12    WBF to Robert H. Lowie, 28 Mar. 1947 - is pleased to hear of his acceptance; Prof. H.J. Fleure and Dr E.J. Lindgren join him in sending their congratulations; Nov. is the usual time for the lecture but they are willing to arrange it to suit him; since the Prague Congress has been vetoed by the Czech Government hopes to arrange a meeting in Belgium in Aug. or Sep. 1948; suggests he could deliver the lecture shortly before or after the Congress; hopes to attract many delegates to Britain so it should reach a larger than usual audience; needs a copy of the text and a summary for the press (autogr. draft)

13    Robert H. Lowie to WBF, 12 Apr. - Thomas H. Huxley was always a hero of his; he proud to now have his name associated with him; would prefer to leave the date undecided at present; looks forward to meeting his colleagues and sends regards to Dr E.J. Lindgren and Prof. H.J. Fleure (autogr.)

1948

14    Elsie J. Baumgartel to FS, 20 Oct. - asks for the name and subject of the forthcoming Huxley Memorial Lecture (autogr.)

15    FS to Dr Elsie J. Baumgartel, 26 Oct. - the lecture will be on some aspects of political organisation among the American Aborigines by Robert H. Lowie; for the first time since the war there will be a small Huxley Dinner after the lecture (tpc.)

16    Envelope addressed to WBF containing four tickets for the Huxley Memorial Dinner, 23 Nov. (tp.)

8    James Hornell. Lecture not delivered

1948

1    Prof. J.H. Hutton to FS, 16 Feb. - encloses a list of Louis Clarke’s publications; explains that his main work has not been so much in writing as in acquiring items for the University Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge; understands that Dr H.S. Harrison has been nominated; doubts he will accept, but if he does wishes to withdraw Mr Clarke’s name; would be prepared to support Lord Raglan’s nomination of James Hornell (tp.); see also Council Minutes,CM/77/5, 3 Feb. 1948, f. 521, Item 8

2    WBF to James Hornell, 9 Mar. 1948 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1949 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/77/6, 2 Mar. 1948, f. 524, Item 7

3    James Hornell to WBF, 10 Mar. - is honoured by the invitation to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1949; will probably lecture on small sailing vessels (autogr.)

4    Ibid., to FS, 19 July - finds that he did not keep a note of the title he had chosen for his lecture; asks her to let him know it (autogr.)

5    FS to James Hornell, 27 Aug. - apologises for not answering his query about the title of his Huxley Memorial Lecture; he had not given a definite title, just said what it would be about (tpc.)

1949

6    Prof. C. Daryll Forde, President to Mrs Hornell, 1 Mar. 1949 - was deeply grieved to learn of the death of her husband; hopes she agrees that the delivery of his Huxley Memorial Lecture by one of the Fellows will be a fitting memorial to him (tpc.)

7    Cutting from The Times, 4 Mar. - obituary of James Hornell by H.J. Braunholtz (printed)

8    Mrs C. Hornell to FS, 8 Mar. - thanks her for her sympathy; has had a letter from the President; will send the type-script of the lecture in a few days; will have to go through her husband’s library to locate the lantern slides which will take a little longer (autogr.)

9    FS to Mrs Hornell, 12 Mar. - has received the manuscript; asks her for help with details of her husband’s early life and personal interests for the obituary to be published in Man (tpc.)

10    Prof. C. Daryll Forde to Mrs Hornell, 4 May 1949 - hopes that she will come to the Annual General Meeting to receive the Huxley Memorial Medal on her husband’s behalf; the typescript of the lecture has been carefully considered and it is apparent that her husband’s memory was already failing at the time of writing and it would not do justice to his reputation; thinks it would be kindest not to publish it as a Huxley Memorial Lecture; possibly some parts will be edited and published as short articles (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/78/7, 5 Apr. 1949, ff. 562-3, Item 6c and CM/78/8, 10 May 1949, f. 566, Item 1 (6)

9    Dr Julian Huxley. New bottles for new wine: ideology and scientific knowledge. 1950

1949

1    WBF to Prof. C. Daryll Forde, 8 Feb. 1949 - nominates Dr Julian Huxley for the 1950 Huxley Memorial Medal; Council decided in principle some years ago that it would be appropriate to ask him for the fiftieth anniversary of the lecture; Prof. H.J. Fleure asked him whether he would be willing to deliver the lecture and he agreed (autogr.); see Council Minutes, CM/78/5, 8 Feb. 1949, f. 555, Item 9

2    [Ibid., 8 Feb.] - copy of sections of Council Minutes for 19 Mar., 9 Apr. 1946 and 28 Jan. 1947 dealing with Dr Julian Huxley and the 50th anniversary lecture (tp.)

3    WBF to Dr Julian Huxley, 30 Mar. - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Medal for 1950; notes that this will coincide with the 50th anniversary of the lecture; reminds him that Prof. H.J. Fleure spoke to him about it two or three years ago; hopes he will accept (tpc., pencil alterations by FS to make the letter applicable to Sir Peter Buck); see Council Minutes, CM/78/6, 8 Mar. 1949, f. 558, Item 8

4    Dr Julian Huxley to WBF, 31 Mar. - thanks him for his invitation to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture; notes his probable subject (tp.)

1950

5    FS to Dr Julian Huxley, 7 Jan. 1950 - looks forward to his lecture; on a convenient date; stresses the importance of having the script delivered in plenty of time for printing in advance of delivery (tpc.); see also Council Minutes, 80/1-2, 3 Oct., 7 Nov. 1950, ff. 614-5, Items 10 and 1 (10) respectively

10    Prof. A.R. Radcliffe-Brown. The comparative method in social anthropology. 1951

1950

1    S.F Nadel, Prof. Raymond Firth, Dr E.R. Leach to FS, 18 Jan. 1950 - wish to nominate Prof. A.R. Radcliffe-Brown as Huxley Medallist for 1951 (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/79/5, 7 Feb. 1950, f. 596, Item 10

2    Prof. C. Daryll Forde, acting President to Prof. A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, 14 Mar. - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1951 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/79/6, 7 Mar. 1950, f. 601, Item 8 see also Council Minutes, CM/81/1, 9 Oct. 1951, ff. 639-40, Item 9

11    Sir Peter Buck. Lecture not delivered, replaced by Dr K. Birket-Smith below

1951

1    List of nominations for the Huxley Memorial Lecturer 1952 [CM/80/5], nd - Dr K. Birket-Smith; Sir Peter Buck, Sir Cyril Fox, Henri V. Vallois [later withdrawn] with bibliographies. 2 leaves (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/80/5, 6 Feb. 1951, f. 625, Item 8

2    WBF to Sir Peter Buck, 21 Mar. - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1952 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/80/6, 6 Mar. 1951, f. 627, Item 7

3    Peter H. Buck to WBF, 18 Apr. - is pleased to accept the invitation to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1952 (tp.)

4    J.P. Mills, President to Lady Buck, 6 Dec. 1951 - offers his sympathy on the death of her husband; he was offered the highest honour the Institute could bestow by being invited to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture; asks her to accept the Medal which would have been presented at the public reading of the lecture (tpc.)

5    Marjorie A. Sterns to J.P. Mills, 14 Dec. - Lady Margaret Buck has asked her to say that she would much appreciate the Huxley Memorial Medal (tp.)

1952

6    Ernestine Akers to J.P. Mills, 25 Jan. 1952 - Margaret Buck has asked her to tell him how much she appreciated his letter of sympathy (autogr.)

7    WBF to Lady Buck, 12 Sep. - the Huxley Medal has been forwarded to her; hopes it will stand as a symbol of the Institute’s feeling of regard for her husband (tpc.)

8    Jean Porteous to WBF, 13 Oct. - on behalf of her sister, Margaret Buck, acknowledges receipt of the Huxley Medal (autogr.)

12    Dr Kaj Birket-Smith. The history of ethnology in Denmark. 1952

‘Following the death of Sir Peter Buck, to whom the Huxley Memorial Medal for 1952 had been awarded, a second Medal has been awarded to Dr K. Birket-Smith, who will deliver his lecture at Cambridge during the XXX International Congress of Americanists’ (Report of the Council p. 92 in JRAI vol. 82 1952)

1951

1    WBF to Dr K. Birket-Smith, 12 Dec. 1951 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1952; Council had invited Sir Peter Buck to be the Lecturer for 1952, by now he will have read of his death (tpc.)

1952

2    Dr K. Birket-Smith to WBF, 25 Apr. 1952 - asks if he could lecture on the history of ethnology in Denmark; wonders if the lecture will be given in Cambridge during the Americanist Congress [see A64] or in London; asks about dress code (tp.)

3    Dr K. Birket-Smith to Adrian Digby, 16 May 1952 - has not yet received an answer to his letter to WBF; repeats his queries; includes a membership form and asks him to take care of accommodation (tp.)

4    [Adrian Digby] to Dr K. Birket-Smith, 20 May - thinks Danish ethnology would be an excellent subject; Geoffrey H.S. Bushnell has already reserved comfortable rooms for him; thinks he will need a dinner jacket; asks who is likely to be the Delegate of the Danish Government to the Americanist Congress (tpc.)

5    WBF to Dr K. Birket-Smith, 21 May - apologises for the delay in answering his letter; the subject he suggests would be most acceptable; the Lecture will be given in Cambridge but there is no necessity for it to be on an Americanist subject; doubts whether evening dress will be required but if he particularly desires to wear it then he and the President will follow suit (tpc.)

6    Ibid., nd - details of the arrangements for the 1952 Huxley Memorial Dinner and form for ordering tickets (tp.)

13    Prof. Morris Ginsberg. On the diversity of morals. 1953

1952

1    Dr Meyer Fortes to WBF, 25 Feb. 1952 - has been asked to compile a bibliography for H.J. Braunholtz; can only find his Presidential Address; asks whether he knows of any other references (tp. with autogr. notes added)

2    Bibliography of H.J. Braunholtz, nd (autogr. by HJB)

3    List of nominations for the Huxley Memorial Lecture 1953 [CM/81/6], nd - H.J. Braunholtz, Prof. Morris Ginssberg, Prof. J.H. Hutton, A.V. Kidder, Geoffrey Miles Morant, Prof. D.M.S. Watson with bibliographies. 4 leaves (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/81/5, 5 Feb. 1952, f. 652, Item 8

4    H.J. Braunholtz to WBF, 4 Mar. 1952 - appreciates the honour of being nominated but asks to have his name withdrawn; nominated two of the other candidates himself; thinks that the award should be given to those who have contributed original published work and field research; feels that his own contributions are different; does not wish factors such as services to the Institute to complicate decisions (autogr.); see Council Minutes, CM/81/6, 4 Mar. 1952, f. 654, Item 8

5    WBF to Prof. Morris Ginsberg, 7 Mar. - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1953 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/81/6, 4 Mar. 1952, f. 654, Item 8

6    Prof. Morris Ginsberg to WBF, 11 Mar. - is honoured to accept (tp.)

1953

7    Mrs A.C. Bowe, Secretary to the Officers to Prof. Morris Ginsberg, 8 Jan. - notes an alteration in the date of the Huxley Memorial Lecture (tpc.)

8    Prof. Morris Ginsberg to Mrs A.C. Bowe, 14 Jan. - the 26 Nov. is fine with him (tp.)

9    A.W. James, Refectory Manager University College to WBF, 2 Nov. encloses three specimen menus at different prices for the Huxley Memorial Dinner. 2 leaves (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/83/2, 5 Nov. 1953, f. 705, Item 9

10    WBF, nd - details of arrangements for the Huxley Memorial Dinner with form for tickets (tp.)

11    Ibid., to Refectory Manager, 13 Nov. - indicates his preference of menu (tpc.)

14    Prof. Ralph Linton. Died, replaced by Prof. H.V. Vallois below

1953

1    Dr Meyer Fortes to Mrs A.C. Bowe, 31 Jan. 1953- proposes Sir Ronald A. Fisher as Huxley Memorial Lecturer for 1954 (tp.); see also Council Minutes, CM/82/5, 5 Feb. 1953, f. 683, Item 7

2    Prof. Ralph Linton to J.P. Mills, 19 Mar. 1953 - honoured to accept invitation to deliver Huxley Memorial Lecture (cablegram); see Council Minutes, CM/82/6, 12 Mar. 1953, f. 687, Item 9

3    Ibid., 24 Mar. - apologises for his delay in accepting the invitation; has been in America and the local telegrapher had never heard of London (tp.)

4    WBF to Prof. Ralph Linton, 28 Mar. - delighted to hear of his acceptance (tpc.)

5    Mrs A.C. Bowe to Prof. Ralph Linton, 6 July - there is no limitation on the subject he chooses and he can wear ordinary dress (tpc.)

6    Prof. Ralph Linton to Mrs A.C. Bowe, 14 July - thanks her for her letter; asked about the dress because when he last attended a Huxley Lecture the lecturer was wearing cutaway coat and striped trousers (tp.)

[Council Minutes, CM/83/4, 7 Jan. 1954, f. 711, Item 9c - ‘the position arising from Prof. Linton’s death was considered and it was resolved to invite Prof. Vallois to receive the Medal and deliver the lecture in his place, in accordance with the resolution of the Council at the meeting on 12 Mar. 1953 to the effect that Prof. Vallois should be invited in the event of Prof. Linton declining]; see also Council Minutes, CM/84/1, 7 Oct. 1954, f. 730, Item 12

7    Adelin Linton to WBF, 22 Sep. - was very pleased to receive the Huxley Medal; says how proud her husband was to have been awarded the honour and how much he was looking forward to delivering the lecture (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/83/9, 3 June 1954, f. 725, Item 5

15    Dr Henri V. Vallois. Neanderthals and Praesapiens. 1954

‘Owing to the death of Prof. Ralph Linton, a second Huxley Memorial Medal for 1954 has been awarded to Prof. Henri V. Vallois’ (Report of the Council p. 165 in JRAI vol. LXXXIV 1954)

1954

1    Dr H.V. Vallois to Prof. Raymond Firth, 1 Feb. 1954 - is honoured to accept the invitation to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture; has not yet decided on a title but will let him know and will send the text when required; will have to deliver his lecture in French but would be able to send the written copy in English (tp. in French)

2    WBF to Prof. H.V. Vallois, 26 Oct. - confirms the date of the Huxley Memorial Lecture and the arrangements for the dinner afterwards; is sorry that he himself will not be able to be present since he will be in New York (tpc.)

3    Prof. H.V. Vallois to Mrs A.C. Bowe, 28 Oct. - asks for further details concerning the lecture; wishes to know about the slide projector (tp. in French)

4    Paul Fejos to WBF, 5 Nov. - explains that the Wenner-Gren Foundation wishes to publish annually, beginning in 1955, a Yearbook of Anthropology; asks for full details concerning the Huxley Memorial Lecture, the Rivers Memorial Lecture and the Henry Myers Lecture. 2 leaves (tp.)

5    RAI to the French Ambassador, 12 Nov. - invites him to attend the Huxley Memorial Lecture to be delivered by Prof. H.V. Vallois (tpc.)

6    Prof. H.V. Vallois to Mrs A.C. Bowe, 16 Nov. - it was not possible to have slides made in Paris to the format she mentioned; has some a little larger which he thinks could be used on the equipment; asks her to let the projectionist know in advance; asks her to invite the French Ambassador; asks her to put aside for him a copy of Man which is missing from his set (tp. in French)

7    Acting Secretary to the Officers [Miss Nancy C. Gee] to Prof. H.V. Vallois, 19 Nov. - has had several enquiries from Fellows as to his address while in London; asks him to let her know (tpc.)

8    Acting Secretary to the Officers [Miss Nancy C. Gee] to Prof. H.V. Vallois, 20 Nov. 1954 - has been in touch with the Royal Society about the slides; they have an adapter; has already sent an invitation to the French Ambassador but has not yet had a reply; believes he may be abroad and will send a representative; his copy of Man will be waiting for him (tpc.)

9    Prof. H.V. Vallois to Acting Secretary, 20 Nov. - will be staying at the Regent Palace Hotel in Piccadilly (tp. in French)

/16    Prof. Frederic Wood Jones. Died. Replaced by Prof. Robert Redfield below

1954

1    WBF to Prof. F. Wood Jones, 31 Mar. 1954 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Lecture for 1955 (tpc., altered to MWS and 1957 with additional autogr. paragraph concerning dates and delivery in advance of the text); see Council Minutes, CM/83/5-6, 4 Feb., 4 Mar. 1954, f. 713, 716, Item 8 in both cases

2    Jessie Dobson to WBF, 8 Apr. - Prof. F. Wood Jones is in hospital; he was delighted to be invited; had always wished for but not expected this honour; he hesitates to accept because of his illness; they are hoping for an improvement in his health and the Medal would cheer him up; asks for view of President and Council (tp.)

3    WBF to Miss J. Dobson, 13 Apr. - will place her letter before Council; wonders whether the situation regarding the Prof.’s health will be clearer in three months’ time (tpc.)

4    Jessie Dobson to WBF, 15 Apr. - Prof. F. Wood Jones is much better; hopes that by the autumn he will be able to resume his normal commitments (tp.)

[Prof. F. Wood Jones died on 29 Sep. 1954; see obituary in Man June 1956, no. 79]

17    Prof. Robert Redfield. Societies and cultures as natural systems. 1955 [delivered Mar. 1956]

‘A second Huxley Memorial Medal for 1955 has been awarded to Prof. Robert Redfield, owing to the death of Prof. Frederic Wood Jones’ (Report of the Council, p. 214 in JRAI vol. LXXXV 1955)

1955

1    WBF to Prof. R. Redfield, 8 Feb. 1955 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1955 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/84/5, 3 Feb. 1955, f. 745, Item 8

2    Prof. Robert Redfield to WBF, 19 Feb. - appreciates the honour; explains that his travel plans will make it difficult for him to prepare the lecture in time; asks if a date in Mar. 1956 would be acceptable (tp.)

3    William L. Thomas, Wenner-Gren Foundation to Miss Nancy C. Gee, acting Secretary to the Officers, 1 Mar. - is grateful for the information supplied for the Yearbook of Anthropology; will forward a copy when it is ready (tp.)

4    Miss Nancy C. Gee to WBF, 8 Mar. - Dr J.C. Trevor thinks that Prof. Redfield should be allowed to lecture in Mar. (tp.)

5    WBF to Prof. Robert Redfield, 19 Apr. - is delighted that he has agreed to deliver the lecture; gives likely dates in Mar. 1956 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/84/7, 14 Apr. 1955, f. 752, Item 8

6    Prof. Robert Redfield to WBF, 12 Aug. - is leaving for India and wishes to know the exact date of the lecture so he may get the typescript sent in good time; gives an address in Italy (tp.)

7    WBF to Prof. Robert Redfield, 2 Sep. - the lecture will take place on 22 Mar.; would welcome the MS by mid-Dec. (tpc.)

1956

8    Prof. Robert Redfield to WBF, 1 Feb. 1956 - has been ill but fully intends to come and deliver the lecture; has spoken with Prof. Raymond Firth in New York; asks for details of the arrangements (tp.)

9    Prof. Raymond Firth to MWS, 8 Feb. 1956 - Prof. Redfield has lymphatic leukaemia; he intends to deliver the lecture and will stay with him; the University of Chicago has agreed to pay his fares and he would like the RAI to express their appreciation of this (tp.)

10    MWS to Prof. Robert Redfield, 2 Mar. - gives details of the lecture and dinner; Mrs Redfield is also invited (tpc.)

11    Prof. Robert Redfield to MWS, 7 Mar. - is looking forward to the lecture; his wife will not be coming; will be staying with Prof. and Mrs Firth (tp.)

12    MWS to Chauncey Harris, University of Chicago, 28 Mar. - thanks the University for making it possible for Prof. Robert Redfield to come to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture (tpc.)

18    Prof. J.B.S. Haldane. The argument from animals to men: an examination of its validity for anthropology. 1956

1955

1    Prof. J.H. Hutton to WBF, 2 Mar. 1955 - sees that his name has been put forward as a Huxley Lecturer; would accept with great reluctance if elected; feels that if this is known his nomination may be withdrawn; doubts if he would be elected but notes that at least one of the candidates is ‘liable to arouse rather strong feelings’ (autogr.)

2    Note that Miss Tildesley rang to say that she and Dr Trevor wish to propose Dr Haldane (tp.)

3    Dr J.S. Weiner to WBF, 2 Mar. - strongly supports Dr Haldane’s nomination (tp.)

4    Dr Meyer Fortes to WBF, 2 Mar. - encloses data on Ernest Jones in connection with the Huxley Lecturer. 2 leaves (autogr., tp)

5    WBF to Prof. J.B.S. Haldane, 15 Mar. - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1956 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/84/6, 3 Mar. 1955, f. 749, Item 8

6    Prof. J.B.S. Haldane to WBF, 17 Mar. 1955 - thanks him for the honour; on the subject of the lecture (tp.)

7    WBF to Prof. J.B.S. Haldane, 19 Apr. - Council considers the subject he suggested entirely suitable (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/84/7, 14 Apr. 1955, Item 8

1956

8    WBF to Prof. J.B.S. Haldane, 10 Jan. 1956 - reminds him about the lecture as requested; would appreciate a copy of the text before the end of Aug. (tpc.)

9    MWS to Prof. J.B.S. Haldane, 1 Nov. - gives details of the lecture and dinner at the House of Lords afterwards (tpc.)

10    Menu for the Huxley Memorial Dinner at the House of Lords (printed, tp.)

11    Prof. J.B.S. Haldane to MWS, 2 Nov. - thanks her for the invitation to dinner but must refuse; will not ‘give countenance to so foul an institution’ [as the House of Lords] by dining there; thinks it would help British anthropologists if it became known that the RAI refused to associate with it (tp.)

12    MWS to Prof. J.B.S. Haldane, 7 Nov. - notes that last year’s lecturer, an American, was delighted to dine in the House of Lords; the arrangements were made through the President, Lord Raglan whose term is two years so they will not recur; although the Huxley Memorial Lecture is known throughout the world, doubts whether anyone considers the location of the dinner afterwards; asks him to keep the time of the dinner free while she discusses the matter with other Officers (tpc.)

13    MWS to Lord Raglan, 7 Nov. - encloses Prof. Haldane’s letter (/18/11 above); notes possible courses of action; favours cancelling the dinner (tpc.)

14    Lord Raglan to MWS, 8 Nov. - does not mind whether they have the dinner without Prof. Haldane or cancel it; will not change the locale; encloses a copy of his letter to the professor (/18/15 below) (tp.)

15    Lord Raglan to Prof. J.B.S. Haldane, 8 Nov. 1956 - unless he thinks better of his decision and unless he withdraws the epithet ‘foul’ which he takes personally, will be unable to take the chair at his lecture (tpc.)

16    Prof. J.B.S. Haldane to Lord Raglan, 9 Nov. - thinks his decision not to take the chair at the lecture is correct; it will demonstrate the great divide in opinion in the country (tpc.)

17    Lord Raglan to MWS, 12 Nov. - has received a polite letter from Prof. Haldane; encloses a copy of his reply [not held]; asks her to find out from Council what they think best done about the dinner; he is happy to be there even if he is not at the lecture; on arrangements for staying with her (tp.)

18    Ibid., 15 Nov. - has cancelled the dinner; says Haldane ‘may have had his mind diverted by the activities of his wife’ [see /18/20 below] but he has not answered his last letter; does not propose to come to London for that week (tp.)

19    Prof. J.B.S. Haldane to MWS, 21 Nov. - asks for the fee for his Huxley Lecture to be paid to Prof. Nirmal Kumar Bose in Calcutta to be used for anthropological research in India; assumes that he and his wife are not invited to a dinner after the lecture in view of his refusal to go to the House of Lords (tp.)

20    Cutting from The Daily Telegraph, 21 Nov. - ‘Prof. Haldane says Britain “is criminal”’; notes his resignation from the University of London and his intention to live in India; his wife, Dr Helen Spurway refused to pay fines for being drunk and disorderly and assaulting a police officer (printed)

21    Newspaper cutting (probably a Welsh paper), ?21 Nov. - ‘Britain criminal state’; Prof. Haldane leaving Britain because of Suez crisis; is wearing Indian style clothes (printed)

22    Lord Raglan to Miss Anderson, 21 Nov. - in view of the attached cuttings (/18/20-1 above) thinks the Huxley Memorial Lecture should be cancelled (tp.)

23    MWS to Officers and Vice Presidents, 22 Nov. 1956 - notes the President’s views; an extraordinary meeting is being called (tpc.)

24    Lord Raglan to MWS, 23 Nov. - gives his views on the situation; Prof. J.B.S. Haldane is entitled to the Medal whether he delivers the lecture or not; he should be told this and informed that the meeting will not be held; a simple announcement in the press will suffice and no details given to the press (tp.)

25    G.W.B. Huntingford, Hon. Ed. to MWS, 23 Nov. - will not be able to attend the meeting; is prepared to support either a cancellation or postponement of the lecture; it will have to appear in the Journal since it has gone to press and it is too late to substitute another paper (autogr.)

26    Lord Raglan to WBF, 24 Nov. - explains that MWS is anxious that nothing should be done without the approval of as many past presidents as possible; does not think it would be possible for the lecture to be held without the usual vote of thanks; does not wish to condemn Haldane for his opinions, but for the way in which he has expressed them (tp.)

27    Edwin W. Smith to Lord Raglan, 24 Nov. - is unable to attend the meeting; when he read of Prof. Haldane’s reputed statements thought he must have gone mad; presumes he has checked that the report is accurate; uphold the right to free speech; the issue is whether resentment at the insult to the country is reason to withhold the honour; believes it is and supports the recommendation of cancelling the lecture (tp.)

28    Prof. Raymond Firth to MWS, 25 Nov. - is unable to attend the meeting; does not agree to cancelling the lecture; sympathises with Lord Raglan; thinks Haldane’s remarks are lamentable; does not know for certain whether he was reported correctly; the Institute invited Prof. Haldane to deliver the lecture; does not think that, as a scientific body, it can object to political opinions; can not himself attend the lecture although he would have done if able; thinks others who wish to register disapproval could stay away (tp.)

29    Prof. J.H. Hutton to MWS, 25 Nov. 1956 - cannot attend meeting; is entirely in agreement with the President (autogr.)

30    MWS to Prof. J.B.S. Haldane, 26 Nov. - explains that no fee is attached to the Huxley Memorial Lecture; they decided to cancel the dinner; asks for an assurance that when he delivers the lecture he will make no reference to political controversies (tpc.)

31    Prof. J.B.S. Haldane to MWS, 26 Nov. - assures her that the lecture will be read as submitted with a possible addition concerning bird communication; will add nothing concerning politics (autogr.)

31    Prof. H.J. Fleure to MWS, 26 Nov. - says that [D.C.] Martin [Assistant Secretary, Royal Society] thinks her letter (/18/30 above) is quite appropriate; he told him that Prof. Haldane and his wife attended a celebration at the Royal Society and their behaviour was ‘near normal’ (autogr.)

32    MWS to Officers and Vice-Presidents, 26 Nov. - has had an assurance from Prof. Haldane that he will introduce ‘nothing whatever concerning politics’ into his Huxley Lecture; it will go ahead as planned; thanks them for help at extraordinary meeting; Prof. Fleure has agreed to chair the meeting and the Hon. Treasurer and Hon. Secretary will be on the platform; there will be no vote of thanks (tpc.)

33    Ibid., to Lord Raglan, 26 Nov. - lists those attending the extraordinary meeting and those who sent letters; they all hoped that had he been at the meeting he would have agreed to their decision to obtain a guarantee from Prof. Haldane that he would not introduce anything of a political nature into his lecture; quotes his reply (/18/31 above) (tpc.)

19    Prof. J.E. Sigvald Linné. Technical secrets of American Indians. 1957

1956

1    MWS to Prof. J.E.S. Linné, 8 Mar. 1956 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1957 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/85/5-6, 2 Feb., 1 Mar. 1956, ff. 780, 782-3 Item 10 in both cases

2    Prof. J.E.S. Linné to MWS, 24 Mar. 1956 - has just returned to Mexico and the letter was waiting for him forwarded from Stockholm; would be honoured to deliver the lecture (tp.)

1957

3    Miss Janet L.D. Anderson to Prof. J.E.S. Linné, 27 July 1957 - asks for the title of his lecture; gives details of arrangements (tpc.)

4    Prof. J.E.S. Linné to Miss Janet L.D. Anderson, 31 July - gives the title of the lecture and promises the text before the end of Aug.; presumes he will not be reading it in full; he and his wife are looking forward to the occasion; is booking his crossing (tp.) similar letter to MWS, 31 July, not retained

5    Miss Janet L.D. Anderson to Prof. J.E.S. Linné, 9 Aug. - assures him that the lectures are read in full and that some in the audience follow the printed text (tpc.)

6    MWS to Prof. J.E.S. Linné, 7 Oct. - thanks him for sending his paper; gives details of the dinner arrangements (tpc.)

7    Prof. J.E.S. Linné to MWS, 18 Oct. - he and his wife are greatly looking forward to visiting London (tp.)

8    Miss Joan Edwards, Secretary to the Officers to the Cultural Attaché, the Swedish Embassy, 25 Nov. - invites him to attend the Huxley Memorial Lecture and Dinner as a guest of the RAI (tpc.)

9    Ibid., to the Editor, The Times, 25 Nov. - gives details of the Huxley Memorial Lecture and hopes mention will be made of it in Today’s arrangements; invites him to the lecture (tpc.)

10    Cutting from The Times, 25 Nov. announcing that Prof. Sigvald Linné has been awarded the Huxley Memorial Medal (printed)

11    RAI, 28 Nov. - press release announcing Prof. Linné’s lecture (tp.)

12    Prof. J.E.S. Linné to Miss Joan Edwards, 6 Dec. - thanks her for all her help; his off-prints have arrived (tp.)

13    Prof. J.E.S. Linné to MWS, 14 Dec. 1957 - thanks her for her kindness and hospitality to him on his visit to London; there has been much interest in the lecture in Sweden (tp.)

20    Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Clark. Bones of contention. 1958

1957

1    MWS to Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Clark, 20 Mar. 1957 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1958 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/86/5- , 7 Feb., 7 Mar. 1957, ff. 3, 7, Items 8 and 10 respectively

2    Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Clark to MWS, 21 Mar. - accepts with gratitude (tp.)

1958

3    Miss Joan Edwards to the Editor, The Times, 21 Nov. 1958 - gives details of the arrangements for Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Clark’s Huxley Memorial Lecture (tpc.)

4    Miss Joan Edwards to the Social Editor, The Times, 25 Nov. - asks him to mention the Huxley Memorial Dinner; lists those present including Sir Bernard and Lady Shaw (tpc.)

21    Prof. Raymond Firth. Problem and assumption in an anthropological study of religion. 1959

1958

1    MWS to Prof. Raymond Firth, 7 Mar. 1958 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1959 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/87/5-6, 6 Feb., 6 Mar. 1958, ff. 37, 40, Item 5 in both cases

1959

2    Miss Joan Edwards to the London Editor, New Zealand Herald, 3 Nov. 1959 - thinks he may be interested to attend the lecture to be given by Prof. Raymond Firth (tpc.) similar letters to the Editors of The Times, The Telegraph and The Guardian, the New Zealand Press Association and Miss R. Jellif of the Overseas Service, Broadcasting House, all 3 Nov., and to the Director, Dep. Of Scientific and Industrial Research and the Scientific Liaison Officer, New Zealand Government, both 13 Nov., not retained

3    Miss Joan Edwards to Daimler Hire Co. ltd, 17 Nov. 1959 - on arrangements for driving Princess Alice (tpc.)

4    MWS to Dr Meyer Fortes, 20 Nov. - invites him to propose the vote of thanks to Prof. Raymond Firth (tpc.)

5    MWS to Phyllis M. Kaberry, 24 Nov. - asks her to second Dr Meyer Fortes’ vote of thanks to Prof. Raymond Firth (tpc.)

6    Miss Joan Edwards to the Social Editor, The Times, 26 Nov. - gives details of the arrangements for Prof. Raymond Firth’s lecture, including a list of those present (tpc.)

7    Details of the arrangements for the lecture and the seating plan for the Huxley Memorial Dinner, 27 Nov. (tp.)

22    Dr Samuel Kirkland Lothrop. Early migration to central and south America. 1960

1959

1    MWS to Dr S.K. Lothrop, 10 Mar. 1959 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1960 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/88/5-6, 5 Feb., 5 Mar. 1959, ff. 68, 70, Item 6 in both cases

1960

2    MWS to the Cultural Attaché, US Embassy, 13 Oct. 1960 - invites him to attend the Huxley Memorial Lecture to be delivered by Dr S.K. Lothrop (tpc.)

3    MWS to Dr J.E.S. Thompson, 7 Nov. - invites him to propose the vote of thanks to Dr Lothrop; is asking Dr Geoffrey H.S. Bushnell to second the vote; copies of the text will be available before the lecture (tpc.)

4    Miss Joan Edwards to Daimler Hire Ltd, 9 Nov. - arranges for a car to collect Princess Alice Countess of Athlone (tpc.)

5    Dr Eric Thompson to MWS, 13 Nov. - is happy to give the vote of thanks; assumes it will be ‘short and snappy’; will be driving to London with the Bushnells; asks about parking arrangements (tp.)

6    Miss Joan Edwards to Dr Thompson, 15 Nov. 1960 - encloses a copy of the lecture; Dr Lothrop has an attack of bronchitis; thinks the vote should be rather longer than two minutes; Princess Alice will be presenting the Medal after he and Dr Bushnell have spoken (tpc.)

7    Ibid., to the Social Editor, The Times, 24 Nov. - asks him to publish a note on the Huxley Memorial Dinner given by Lord Raglan; lists those present (tpc., autogr. alterations to make the notice applicable to A.E. Mourant’s lecture)

8    Miss Joan Edwards, 25 Nov. - schedule for the lecture, presentation and dinner (tpc.)

9    Miss Joan Edwards to Lord Raglan, 28 Nov. - feels she cannot compete with Miss Caton Thompson’s ‘happy little speech’ thanking him for the Huxley Memorial Dinner; notes how much pleasure it, and the Garden Party and Sherry Club, give to the Fellows (tpc.)

10    Lord Raglan to Miss Joan Edwards, 3 Dec. - encloses the bill for the dinner; Princess Alice enjoyed herself but wished she could have met more of the guests; suggests arranging matters so that people are introduced to her next year (tp.)

23    Dr Arthur Ernest Mourant. Evolution, genetics and anthropology. 1961

1960

1    MWS to Dr A.E. Mourant, 4 Mar. 1960 - invites him to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1961 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/89/4-5, 4 Feb., 3 Mar. 1960, ff. 93, 96, Item 6 in both cases

2    Dr A.E. Mourant to MWS, 7 Mar. - is honoured to accept (tp.)

24    Prof. Dorothy A.E. Garrod. The middle Palaeolithic of the Near East and the problem of Mount Carmel man. 1962

1961

1    List of nominations for the Huxley Memorial Medal 1962 - Prof. Raymond Arthur Dart, Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard, Prof. Dorothy A.E. Garrod, Claude Levi-Strauss, Alfred Métraux; also includes nominations for Henry Myers Lecture 1962: Prof. C.C. Berg, Prof. C. Daryll Forde and Claude Levi-Strauss. 3 pp. (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/90/5, 2 Feb. 1961, f. 123, Item 6

2    WBF to Dr Dorothy Garrod, 3 Mar. 1961 - invites her to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1962 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/90/6, 2 Mar. 1961, f. 126, Item 6

3    Dr Dorothy Garrod to WBF, 16 Mar. - accepts with pleasure (autogr.)

4    Ibid., 11 Oct. - explains the position regarding her work in the Lebanon and the delay caused by her heart condition; the date originally agreed for the Huxley Memorial Lecture no longer fits with her schedule; asks for it to be brought forward if possible (autogr.)

5    AHC, Hon. Secretary to Dr Dorothy Garrod, 16 Oct. - assures her that there will be no difficulty with the date; wishes her a speedy recovery (tpc.)

1962

6    Dr Dorothy Garrod to AHC, 19 Feb. 1962 - has noted the date of the lecture; gives title (autogr.)

7    Ibid., 22 Mar. - revises the title of her lecture (autogr.)

8    Ibid., to Miss Rachel M. Lloyd, Clerk to the Officers, 15 June - apologises for the delay in replying to her letter about sending in the text of her lecture; has had heart troubles; the lecture is far advanced but not finished; is coming to England to make arrangements about the illustrations; will stay until the text is finished; asks her to recommend a typist. 4 pp. (autogr.)

9    AHC to Dr Dorothy Garrod, 4 Oct. 1962 - Princess Alice will be attending the Huxley Lecture and dinner; it has been agreed that the first recipient of the Patron’s Medal should be Brenda Seligman; asks if she would mind the Princess presenting it to her on the occasion of the Huxley Lecture (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/92/1, 11 Oct. 1962, f. 160, Item 8a

10    Dr Dorothy Garrod to AHC, 8 Sep. [i.e. Oct.] - is delighted that Brenda Seligman is to receive the Patron’s Medal; will be pleaded to share the occasion with her; on her slides; hopes there will be a microphone (autogr.)

11    AHC, nd - details of the lecture and dinner (tpc.)

25    Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard. The Zande state. 1963

1962

1    [AHC] to Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard, 5 Mar. 1962 - he has been elected as Huxley Medallist and Lecturer for 1963 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, CM/91/5-6, 1 Feb., 1 Mar. 1962, ff. 147, 149, Item 7 in both cases

2    Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard to AHC, 6 Mar. - will be glad to give the lecture (autogr.)

3    Ibid., 4 Sep. - would like to deliver his lecture while I. Schapera is still President; gives the title; is grateful for the interest he has taken in Roy Geoffrey Willis [Horniman student see A66/19/6] - thinks he will do well; he has stood his ground against all sorts of difficulties (autogr.)

4    AHC to Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard, 7 Sep. - will let him know Council’s decision about the timing of his lecture; was glad about Willis’s scholarship (tpc.)

5    Ibid., 12 Oct. - proposes an arrangement for the Huxley Memorial Lecture which would take advantage of the fact that a number of distinguished Americans will be in England in June and have already been invited to the Annual General Meeting and the Garden Party; asks whether he would be willing to accept the proposal (tpc.)

6    Prof. E.E. Evans-Pritchard to AHC, 18 Oct. 1962 - is very willing to fall in with the plan; is willing to wait if it suits him but I. Schapera has expressed the hope that he could deliver the lecture during his tenure of office; even if he is no longer President at the Annual General Meeting the gesture will have been made (autogr.)

26    G.H.R. von Koenigswald. Early man: facts and fantasy. 1964

[Council Minutes, CM/92/5, 7 Feb. 1963, f. 169, Item 8 ‘Huxley Memorial Medal 1964. Dr K.P. Oakley was elected’; CM/92/6, 7 Mar. 1963, f. 171, Item 5 ‘the question having been reopened, as a result of Dr Oakley’s inability to accept the Council’s invitation, the following names were proposed: Prof. Baldus, Prof. Forde, Prof. Hutton, Prof. Koenigswald, Dr Larsen and Sir Solly Zuckerman. A ballot was taken and Prof. G.H.R. von Koenigswald of the University of Utrecht was elected Huxley Lecturer 1964]

1964

1    AHC to WBF [copies to all members of Council], 17 Mar. 1964 - the President has asked him to write about this year’s Huxley Memorial Dinner; the date is the only one Prof. von Koenigswald can manage; so far only 13 requests have been made for places; hopes that since there is a Council meeting that day anyway he will be able to attend the lecture and dinner; encloses application form (tp.)

2    AHC, [17 Mar.] - application form for the Huxley Memorial Dinner with details of the Huxley Lecture by Prof. Dr G.H.R. von Koenigswald (tpc.)

27    Claude Levi-Strauss. The future of kinship studies. 1965

1964

1    Claude Levi-Strauss to AHC, 24 June 1964 - is honoured to have been invited to deliver the 1965 Huxley Memorial Lecture (tp.); see Council Minutes, CM/93/5-6,/94/1, 7 May, 4 June, 8 Oct. 1964, ff. 203, 207, 2, Items 7a, 6, 4b respectively

1965

2    [AHC] to Claude Levi-Strauss, 30 July 1965 - gives the date for his lecture; the subject is for him to choose (tpc.)

3    Claude Levi-Strauss to AHC, 4 Aug. - was glad to know the date of the lecture as is moving to new premises; gives title; asks about the length of the lecture (tp.)

4    [AHC] to Claude Levi-Strauss, 25 Oct. - gives details of the arrangements for the lecture (tpc.)

5    Claude Levi-Strauss to [AHC], 27 Oct. - has booked his accommodation; looks forward to meeting (autogr.)

6    AHC to Hotel Russell, 28 Oct. - the account for Claude Levi-Strauss’s room should be sent to the RAI (tpc.)

7    WBF, Nov. - details of the lecture and dinner with returnable application form (tpc.)

8    Claude Levi-Strauss to AHC, 29 Nov. - was surprised that his bill at the hotel had been taken care of by the Institute; lost his briefcase containing his passport and ticket and other documents; one of his letters was among these; if the case is returned to the Institute asks him to forward it (tp.)

9    Ibid., 7 Dec. - has just received his passport and documents from the Hotel Russell (tp.)

10    Ibid., 13 Dec. - acknowledges receipt of his Huxley Memorial Medal; is proud to possess it (tp.)

28    Dr J.E.S. Thompson. The Maya central area at the Spanish conquest and later: a problem in demography. 1966

1965

1    AHC to Dr J.E.S. Thompson, 10 May 1965 - Council has elected him as the Huxley Memorial Lecturer for 1966 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, 6 May 1965, f. 27, Item 7

2    J. Eric S. Thompson to AHC, 12 May 1965 - is honoured to accept the nomination (tp.)

1966

3    Miss B.E. Powrie, LSE to AHC, 25 Aug. 1966 - gives details of the rooms booked for the Huxley Memorial Lecture; on catering requirements; asks if students of the LSE may attend (tp.)

4    R.E. Diserens, Catering Manager, LSE to AHC, 15 Sep. - confirms menu for the Huxley Memorial Dinner (tp.)

1967

5    [AHC] to Dr J.E.S. Thompson, 10 Mar. 1967 - has just received his Huxley Memorial Medal; asks whether he would prefer to receive it at the Annual General Meeting if he is to be in England then, or have it sent (tpc.)

6    Dr J.E.S. Thompson to AHC, 22 Mar. - is glad the Medal has finally been cast; was worried it might get caught up with the decimal coinage; will be happy to receive it at the Annual General Meeting (tp.)

29    Prof. S.L. Washburn. Behaviour and the origin of man. 1967

1966

1    J.S. Weiner to Dr Meyer Fortes, 25 Apr. 1966 - wishes to nominate Prof. S.L. Washburn for the Huxley Memorial Medal 1967 (tp., copy)

2    I. Schapera to AHC, 27 Apr. - wishes to nominate Prof. Fred Eggan (tp.)

3    AHC to Prof. S.L. Washburn, 16 May - Council has elected him as the Huxley Memorial Medallist for 1967 (tpc.); see Council Minutes, 12 May 1966, f. 52, Item 6

4    Prof. S.L. Washburn to AHC, 25 May - is honoured to accept; recalls Dr Redfield’s pleasure in receiving the Medal (tp.)

5    Mrs Alice Davis, University of California to AHC, 2 June - asks if it is permissible for the Dep. of Anthropology at Berkeley to announce Prof. S.L. Washburn’s election (tp.)

6    [Miss Caroline Wright], Clerk to the Officers to Mrs Alice Davis, 8 June 1966 - she may make the announcement after the Annual General Meeting on the 30 June (tpc.)

1967

7    Mrs Alice Davis to AHC, 16 Aug. 1967 - encloses some details on Prof. S.L. Washburn (tp.)

8    Ibid., [16 Aug.] - bibliography of Prof. S.L. Washburn. 10 leaves (tp.); the accompanying photograph is in the RAI photo collection

9    Prof. S.L. Washburn to AHC, 21 Nov. - thanks him for his kindness (tp., autogr. note added that the Medal was sent on 5 Aug. 1969)

No papers are held on the following Huxley Memorial Medallists:

1968 G.H. Rivière. My experience at the Musée d’Ethnologie

1969 I. Schapera. The crime of sorcery

1970 Daryll Forde. Ecology and social structure

1971 George Peter Murdock. Anthropology’s mythology

1972 L.L. Cavalli-Sforza. Origin and differentiation of human races

1973 Klaus Wachsmann. Spencer to Hood: a changing view of non-European music

1974 J. Desmond Clark. Africa in prehistory: peripheral or paramount?

1975 G. Reichel-Dolmatoff. Cosmology as ecological analysis: a view from the rain forest

1976 M.N. Srinivas. The changing position of Indian women

1977 Meyer Fortes. Sacrifice, or, was your fieldwork really necessary?

1978 J.S. Weiner. Beyond physical anthropology

1979 Gordon R. Willey. Towards an holistic view of ancient Maya civilisation

1980 Edmund Leach. Why did Moses have a sister?

1981 Fei Hsiao-tung. The new outlook of rural China: Kaishienkung revisited after half a century

1982 Paul T. Baker. The adaptive limits of human populations

1983 Clifford Geertz. Culture and social change: the Indonesian case

1984 Junichiro Itani. The evolution of primate social structures

1985 Louis Dumont. Are cultures living beings?

1986 Lewis R. Binford. Data, relativism and archaeological science

1987 G. Ainsworth Harrison. Social heterogeneity and biological variation

1988 Daniel Carleton Gajdusek. New plagues, old scourges: epidemics of brain disease in population isolates in the twentieth century

1989 Fredrik Barth. The guru and the conjuror: transactions in knowledge and the shaping of culture in southeast Asia and Melanesia

1990 R.A. Hinde. A biologist looks at anthropology

1991 Colin Renfrew. Archaeology, genetics and linguistic diversity: a new synthesis?

1992 Mary Douglas. The talking donkey: Balaam’s story in the Book of Numbers (chapters 22-24

You are here: Home Archives & Manuscripts Archive Contents HUXLEY MEMORIAL LECTURES (A115)