The Royal Anthropological Institute has six honours and distinctions at its disposal. These awards are announced in Anthropology Today.

The Medal was founded in 1923 by the Council of the Institute in memory of its late President, William Halse Rivers, originally for `for anthropological work in the field'. However, in the 1960s the rules were amended to reflect anthropological work in a broader sense.

The Henry Myers Lecturship on the Role of Religion in Society was founded by Henry Myers, a Fellow of the Institute, in 1945 "to further the study of man's mental and spiritual development".

The Curl Lectureship is awarded biennially by the Council of the Royal Anthropological Institute. The lecture is delivered in alternation with the Henry Myers Lecture.

The Patron's Medal is awarded from time to time for distinguished services to Anthropology and to the Institute.