The RAI is involved in two Fellowship schemes. These are hosted not at the RAI, but at appropriate institutions in the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Royal Anthropological Institute and Anthropologists’ Fund for Urgent Anthropological Research (AFUAR)

This unique scheme, privately funded by anthropologists (founding sponsor: Dr George Appell) has been running since 1995. It is designed to support ethnographic research on currently threatened indigenous peoples, cultures and languages. Its primary aim is to contribute to anthropological knowledge through detailed ethnography. It therefore differs from programmes in applied anthropology, although research conducted within the programme can be expected to support the welfare and survival of endangered peoples.

The Leach/RAI Fellowship was established by the Trustees of the Esperanza Trust to honor the memory of the founder of the Trust, Professor Sir Edmund Leach, and further his expressed aim of promoting anthropology.